Author Topic: Somnath Temple  (Read 5879 times)

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Offline ShIkHa

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Somnath Temple
« on: October 17, 2010, 09:09:15 AM »



<a href="http://www.somnath.org/images/flashpart.swf" target="_blank" class="new_win">http://www.somnath.org/images/flashpart.swf</a>


The Somnath Temple located in the Prabhas Kshetra near Veraval in Saurashtra, on the western coast of Gujarat, India, is the most sacred of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of the God Shiva. Somnath means "The Protector of (the) Moon God". The Somnath Temple is known as "the Shrine Eternal", having been destroyed six times and rebuilt six times. Most recently it was rebuilt in November 1947, when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel visited the area for the integration of Junagadh and mooted a plan for restoration. After Patel's death, the rebuilding continued under K. M. Munshi, another minister of the Government of India.



























According to the legends, Soma or the Moon God built the temple in gold, Ravana in silver, and Shri Krishna in wood. Soma being arrogant about his beauty, was cursed by his father-in-law Daksha to wane. He then build the Somnath temple at the Prabhas tirth (a Hindu pilgrimage) and prayed to Lord Shiva who removed the curse partially. Thus, Causing the periodic waning of moon


Offline ShIkHa

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #1 on: October 17, 2010, 09:09:56 AM »





The first temple of Somnath is said to have existed before the beginning of the common era.

The second temple, built by the Yadava kings of Vallabhi in Gujarat, replaced the first one on the same site around 649.

In 725 Junayad, the Arab governor of Sind, sent his armies to destroy the second temple. The Gurjara Pratihara king Nagabhata II constructed the third temple in 815, a large structure of red sandstone.



In 1024 A.D., the temple was once again destroyed by Mahmud Ghazni who raided the temple from across the Thar Desert. Mahmud was hailed throughout the Islamic world as a second Mohammed and his smashing of Somnath was lauded in the Sufi poetry of Attar, Sanai and Omar Khayyam. The temple was rebuilt by the Paramara King Bhoj of Malwa and the Solanki king Bhima of Gujarat (Anhilwara) or Patan between 1026 and 1042. The wooden structure was replaced by Kumarpal (r.1143-72), who built the temple of stone.

In 1296 A.D., the temple was once again destroyed by Sultan Allauddin Khilji's army. According to Taj-ul-Ma'sir of Hasan Nizami, Raja Karan of Gujarat was defeated and forced to flee, "fifty thousand infidels were dispatched to hell by the sword" and "more than twenty thousand slaves, and cattle beyond all calculation fell into the hands of the victors". The temple was rebuilt by Mahipala Deva, the Chudasama king of Saurashtra in 1308 A.D. and the Linga was installed by his son Khengar sometime between 1326 and 1351 A.D.

In 1375 A.D., the temple was once again destroyed by Muzaffar Shah I, the Sultan of Gujarat.

In 1451 A.D., the temple was once again destroyed by Mahmud Begda, the Sultan of Gujarat.

In 1701 A.D., the temple was once again destroyed by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb built a mosque on the site of the Somnath temple, using some columns from the temple, whose Hindu sculptural motifs remained visible.

Queen Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore rebuilt the temple in 1783 A.D. at a site adjacent to the ruined temple which was already converted to a mosque.




Offline ShIkHa

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #2 on: October 17, 2010, 09:10:13 AM »


Before independence, Prabhas Pattan was part of the princely state of Junagadh. On the eve of independence the Nawab (ruler) of Junagadh announced the accession of his state to Muslim-majority Pakistan, despite the state population being 80% Hindu. The people of Junagadh rose in revolt and set up a parallel government under Samaldas Gandhi. Unable to resist the popular pressure, the Nawab escaped to Pakistan. The government-in-exile or the Aarzi Hukumat ("temporary government") under Samaldas Gandhi formally asked the Government of India to take over. The Deputy Prime Minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel came to Junagadh on November 12, 1947 to direct the stabilization of the state by the Indian Army and at the same time ordered the reconstruction of the Somanath temple

When Sardar Patel, K. M. Munshi and other leaders of the Congress went to Gandhi with the proposal of reconstructing the Somnath temple, Gandhi blessed the move,but suggested that the funds for the construction should be collected from the public and the temple should not be funded by the state. He expressed that he was proud to associate himself to the project of renovation of the temple But soon both Gandhi and Sardar Patel died and the task of reconstruction of the temple continued under K. M. Munshi, who was the Minister for Food and Civil Supplies in the Nehru Government.

The ruins were pulled down in October 1950 and the mosque mosque present at that site was shifted few miles away. In May 1951, Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the Republic of India, invited by K M Munshi, performed the installation ceremony for the temple. Rajendra Prasad said in his address "It is my view that the reconstruction of the Somnath Temple will be complete on that day when not only a magnificent edifice will arise on this foundation, but the mansion of India's prosperity will be really that prosperity of which the ancient temple of Somnath was a symbol.". He added "The Somnath temple signifies that the power of reconstruction is always greater than the power of destruction"

This episode created a serious rift between the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, who saw the movement for reconstruction of the temple as an attempt at Hindu revivalism and the President Rajendra Prasad and Union Minister K. M. Munshi, who saw in its reconstruction, the fruits of freedom and the reversal of past injustice done to Hindus.

The present temple, which was built by Patel and Munshi, is managed by Shree Somnath Trust.


The present temple is built in the Chalukya style of temple architecture or Kailash Mahameru Prasad Style  and reflects the skill of the Sompura Salats, Gujarat's master masons.

The temple is situated at such a place that there is no land in straight-line between Somnath seashore till Antarctica, such an inscription in Sanskrit is found on the Arrow-Pillar called Baan-Stambh erected on the sea-protection wall at the Somnath Temple. This Baan-Stambh mentions that it stands at a point on the Indian landmass, which happens to be the first point on land in the north to the south-pole on that particular longitude.



Offline bestfriend

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #3 on: October 17, 2010, 11:43:09 AM »
 :clap2:
+R

Offline sanjay.gupta

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #4 on: October 17, 2010, 01:31:44 PM »
 :clap2:
Very informative.

Is the case similar to Babri Masjid?

Offline ShIkHa

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #5 on: October 18, 2010, 08:59:19 AM »

Offline ShIkHa

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #6 on: October 18, 2010, 09:03:18 AM »
:clap2:
Very informative.

Is the case similar to Babri Masjid?




 :thanks-t: :flower:


No its not like Babri Masjid Case. There was a question in KBC 4 "Wo kaun sa mandir hai jisake baare me kaha jaata hai ki wo pehle Sone ka bana, fir chandi ka, fir patthar ka aur fir lakdi ka bana" I was not knowing answer...So tried google...and got the detailed answer. Then I recalled the story published in "Nandan" (a magzine for kid)

Offline bestfriend

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #7 on: October 18, 2010, 10:45:40 AM »



 :thanks-t: :flower:


No its not like Babri Masjid Case. There was a question in KBC 4 "Wo kaun sa mandir hai jisake baare me kaha jaata hai ki wo pehle Sone ka bana, fir chandi ka, fir patthar ka aur fir lakdi ka bana" I was not knowing answer...So tried google...and got the detailed answer. Then I recalled the story published in "Nandan" (a magzine for kid)

 :clap2:

Offline ShIkHa

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #8 on: October 19, 2010, 08:42:24 AM »

Offline suman

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #9 on: November 28, 2010, 08:04:01 PM »
Very Informative  :clap2:

Offline ShIkHa

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #10 on: November 29, 2010, 07:30:02 AM »

Offline bestfriend

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #11 on: January 30, 2012, 10:46:28 AM »
My Hats off to shikha, this link has been added as reference to wikipedia  :clap2:

See it here  Scroll page down to reference, this link has been added at Sl. No.22

One R is nothing for such informative post... even then I'm adding here

Offline Aapki Khushi

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #12 on: January 30, 2012, 09:17:18 PM »
R+ from me also  :notworthy:

Offline pehli_mohabbat

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #13 on: January 31, 2012, 03:41:26 PM »
+R to shikha from me also  :notworthy:

Offline ShIkHa

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Re: Somnath Temple
« Reply #14 on: February 05, 2012, 07:53:04 AM »
Thank You  :)

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